SPC 0700Z Day 2 Outlook

Day 2 Outlook Image

Day 2 Convective Outlook  
NWS Storm Prediction Center Norman OK
1119 PM CST Sun Dec 13 2020

Valid 151200Z - 161200Z


The risk for thunderstorms appears negligible across much of the
U.S., Tuesday through Tuesday night.

In the wake of a vigorous short wave impulse of Arctic origins,
migrating into the northwestern Atlantic, models continue to
indicate that mid/upper flow across much of Canada will begin to
trend more zonal during this period.  Across the U.S., a belt of
westerlies emanating from the mid-latitude Pacific will remain a
prominent influence, initially with amplified large-scale troughing
digging to the lee of the Rockies by 12Z Tuesday.

While it does appear that this trough may begin to undergo
considerable shearing, a significant embedded short wave
perturbation, perhaps including a transient mid-level closed low, is
generally forecast to pivot across the central and southern Great
Plains, through the middle and lower Mississippi Valley by the end
of the period.  This may support slowly deepening, weak surface
troughing near/east of the Mississippi Valley Tuesday night. 
However, it appears that a frontal zone on the leading edge of
initially expansive cold surface ridging, off the south Atlantic
coast through the central Florida Peninsula and north central Gulf
of Mexico, will provide the primary focus for potential surface
cyclogenesis.  And models continue to indicate that there may be a
couple of waves developing along it by late Tuesday night.

Particularly over the north central Gulf of Mexico, this may be
accompanied by sufficient boundary-layer moistening and
destabilization to support increasing thunderstorm development
Tuesday night.  Within the warm sector of the wave developing off
the south Atlantic coast, thunderstorm potential remains more
unclear due to weaker mid/upper support.

Elevated moisture return may lead to the development of very weak
CAPE across parts of the Gulf and south Atlantic coast states. 
However, the extent to which this becomes supportive of convection
capable of producing lightning also remains unclear.  Perhaps aided
by deep-layer forcing for ascent ahead of the short wave trough,
CAPE for elevated moist parcels may extend upward through cold
enough layers to contribute to weak thunderstorm activity across the
southeastern Mississippi/southern Alabama vicinity by late Tuesday

..Kerr.. 12/14/2020

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